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World Sexual Health Awareness

The Importance of Being Sexually Healthy

There is a lot of emphasis put on the overall health of individuals but somehow sexual health is not considered a part of overall health. Being sexually healthy is very important as almost all sexual diseases are usually transmissible and therefore, do not only put the host in danger but also put people who have sexual contact with the host in danger. 

Knowing about sexual diseases is important as knowledge about the diseases would lead to their treatment. Many people don’t even know about the existence of a number of STIs and STDs and this lack of knowledge leads to propagation of these infections and diseases. The majority of individuals know about Chlamydia, genital warts and gonorrhea but there are a number of widespread STIs which are not that well-known. 

On the occasion of World Sexual Health Day, here is a list of STIs which are lesser known but can prove equally dangerous. 

Scabies

Scabies is a very commonly found infection and can spread through physical or sexual contact. It can affect both men and women and can be passed onto children too when an infected individual hugs them. The cause of the infection is parasitic mites which are tiny in size and can’t be detected through the naked eye. There are no symptoms to begin with but indicators start to show up around six weeks after getting infected. The symptoms include:

1. Redness and itching in the affected region.

2. Rise in intensity of itching during the night or after taking a hot shower

3. Inflammation of the affected region as a result of scratching.

Special creams are available for getting rid of the infection. To avoid chances of re-infection, every bed sheet, clothes and accessory should be washed thoroughly. 

Syphilis

Syphilis is one of the more rare STIs though it still affects around 5,000 people every year. The infection is caused by Treponema pallidum and can spread through sexual contact. While the infection isn’t exactly dangerous to begin with, it can cause serious complications if left untreated. 

The symptoms of Syphilis are hard to identify at first but they become gradually prominent. In women, the main symptom is the development of sores in and around the vulva, the clitoris, the urethra opening or the anus. In men, the main symptom is the development of sores in and around the penis, the urethra or the anus. 

If the condition is diagnosed before the bacteria spreads to other parts of the body, it is called first stage syphilis while if it spreads to other parts of the body as well and causes painful rashes, it is called second stage syphilis. First stage syphilis treatment usually lasts for six weeks while second stage syphilis treatment usually lasts for a couple of months at the least. 

Non-Specific Urethritis

Non-Specific Urethritis or NSU is the name given to the condition in which the urethra becomes inflamed but the cause of the inflammation can’t be diagnosed (i.e. gonorrhea test returning negative). Different types of sexual infections like Trichomoniasis can cause the condition though the cause is usually not known. 

The main symptoms of the condition usually show up around two to four days after sexual contact with an infected individual and include discharge from the penis, problems in passing urine and irritation in and around the urethra.

The treatment of NSU is a regular course of antibiotics. 

Ureaplasma Urealyticum

Ureaplasma Urealyticum is a sexual infection which spreads through sexual contact. There are a number of symptoms of the condition. They include:

Unexplained discharge

Inflammation of the prostate gland

Inflammation of the testicles

Fatigue and tiredness

Itching or burning sensation in the eyes

The treatment of the condition is simple enough with a two week course of doxycycline or Azithromycin proving effective. The thing though is that the infection should be diagnosed early otherwise it can lead to severe complications like infertility. 

Mycoplasma Genitalium

Mycoplasma Genitalium is a sexual infection caused by bacteria called Mycoplasma genitalium. The infection spreads through sexual contact and can affect both men and women. The symptoms of the condition include discharge from the penis or vagina and problem during urinating. If the condition is left untreated then complications like pain during intercourse and abdominal pain may also come up. 

PCR tests are available for diagnosing the condition and these tests are available in online STI testing clinic. Once the condition gets diagnosed, an appropriate course of antibiotics is usually effective in getting rid of the infection. 

It is important that you use precautions at all times during sex so that you stay safe from all such conditions.

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