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Mycoplasma Genitalium Infections

What is a Mycoplasma Genitalium Infection?

A mycoplasma Genitalium infection is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the mycoplasma Genitalium bacteria which infects the mucous membranes of the cervix, anus and urethra. It can also infect the throat; however, that does not happen often. A man suffering from this infection will most likely develop urethritis which is the infection of the urethra. As the urethra is the urinary canal of a man, symptoms of this infection include a burning sensation in the penis as he urinates and also watery discharges from the penis. A woman suffering from this infection will most likely suffer from infection of the cervix and will experience abnormal discharges from the vagina, bleeding between periods, bleeding after sex and discomfort when urinating. If not treated on time, the infection may spread to the fallopian tubes resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease which can lead to ectopic pregnancy or even infertility.

The Link between the Mycoplasma Genitalium and HIV

Diagnosing this infection is very important because recent studies shows that Mycoplasma and HIV risk is high. It is believed that the mycoplasma Genitalium bacterial sexually transmitted disease leads to potential HIV infections. This study revealed that women with this infection are two times more likely to acquire the HIV infection than women without the infection. It is therefore important that people get tested so that they can be aware of their status. The mycoplasma Genitalium infection is diagnosed using the polymerase chain reaction test (PCR test) which checks urine or a sample of discharge from the urethra or cervix. In most cases, if a man or woman is tested negative for gonorrhea or chlamydia, further testing will be undertaken for the mycoplasma Genitalium infection.

Frequently Asked Mycoplasma Genitalium Questions

  What is the Incubation period?   The incubation period is usually between two to thirty-five days.
What is the infectious period? As long as you have the infection and have not obtained the appropriate antibiotic treatment, you can infect others.
What treatment option is available? This infection is normally treated with a single, oral dose of oral antibiotics, most commonly used is azithromycin or it can also be treated with a 7-10 day course of the moxifloxacin antibiotics.
What is the easiest way of getting tested for mycoplasma Genitalium? The easiest way to Get Tested for this infection is by purchasing a self-sampling test. These can be purchased from reliable online suppliers such as Home Diagnostics. After purchasing the test, it will be delivered to your home the following day. In the comfort and convenience of your home, you will be required to take a urine sample, urethra swab or a cervical / vaginal swab. You will then post the sample back to Home Diagnostics where it will further be analyzed in their laboratory. Your results will then made available to you. 
When is it safe to have sex after taking the treatment? You need to allow the antibiotics time to work. You should therefore restrain from having sex about one week after completing treatment. If you absolutely need to have sex, be sure to use a condom.

Preventing a Mycoplasma Genitalium Infection from Returning

Remember if you have been having sex with one or more partners and you have been diagnosed with this infection, you need to tell your partner (s) so that they can get tested as well. And if you want to make sure that you do not get this disease after getting treated for it, please follow the tips below. 

Below are a few tips to prevent getting this disease after getting treatment for it. Off course, the objective is to prevent getting it in the first place and the only way to do so is to practice safe sex or to stick to one sexual partner.  

Find ways to practice safer sex if you are already practicing some form of safe sex

If you are undergoing treatment, do not have further sex until your treatment and the treatment of your partner have completed.

Conduct a follow up test to make sure that the infection has been cleared. Further testing is definitely needed after treatment. You need to make sure that the treatment worked.


Some treatment options such as azithromycin are not always 100% effective in everyone. Getting tested a second time might reveal that the infection is still in your body and you may require additional treatment.

Get tested for other sexually transmitted infections to make sure that you have not contracted any other STIs.

For more information on this infection, you can always visit the About Health website.

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